Multiplication of local initiatives to build resilience can potentially reverse the current trends, and contribute to finding new balances as the processes of transformation move upwards from local (municipal, city, delta, watershed) levels to higher (basin, regional, national, transboundary) levels. If successful, these processes can result in better water and climate policies, and in multilevel water governance at scale.

Strategies to develop resilience to climate change have to fit the context and can use combinations of approaches such monitoring the implementation of water governance , building water stewardships, setting up thematic groups or learning alliances, building evidence for advocacy, and campaigning.